The Road Not Taken
       
Two roads diverged in a yellow wood,
And sorry I could not travel both
And be one traveler, long I stood
And looked down one as far as I could
To where it bent in the undergrowth;
Then took the other, as just as fair,
And having perhaps the better claim,
Because it was grassy and wanted wear;
Though as for that the passing there
Had worn them really about the same,
And both that morning equally lay
In leaves no step had trodden black.
Oh, I kept the first for another day!
Yet knowing how way leads on to way,
I doubted if I should ever come back.
I shall be telling this with a sigh
Somewhere ages and ages hence:
Two roads diverged in a wood, and I—
I took the one less traveled by,
And that has made all the difference.

—-Robert Frost—-
                         BRUSHING UP ON READING SKILLS for
                           COMPREHENSION and KNOWLEDGE

                                THE ROAD NOT TAKEN by Robert Frost

OBJECTIVES:
•        To follow simple directions
•        To appreciate symbols
•        To recognize theme (and define “theme”)
•        To use punctuation to help understand poetry
•        To apply literal, interpretive, and critical reading skills to a selection

CLOSE READING FOR LITERAL and INTERPRETIVE MEANING:  First, think
about the differences.  What are the differences?  Let’s discuss…

BEFORE YOU READ:  You are going to read a famous American poem about a
CHOICE that somebody had to make.  It is titled THE ROAD NOT TAKEN.  Listed
are some words from the poem.  Check that you understand what they mean.  
With that, what do you think the poem will be about?  

WOOD     UNDERGROWTH     TRODDEN     GRASSY     WORN     DIVERGED

**READ THE POEM SILENTLY….

I.        CHOICES and DECISIONS:  What kind of choices do you have to make?  
(example:  to cook dinner or grab a bite out) or choices/decisions that a person
makes in his or her life.  

II.        NEXT:  Arrange these thoughts from most important to least important.  
Use your copy/paste feature if you desire to rearrange this list in the computer.  

After you’ve completed this task, take note of any other vocabulary you are not
familiar with.  If you are not familiar with a word, look for the definition in the book
dictionary.  BE SURE TO NOTE THE PART OF SPEECH for that word and how it’
s used in the poem.  (Example:  Is it a N-noun; V-verb; ADJ-adjective; ADV-
adverb) Write any word (s) you’re not familiar with and the word’s part of
speech.  Can you use it in another sentence?  Let’s make that attempt.  

For one of the words that you are unfamiliar with, write a sentence, be sure to
use CONTEXT CLUES when doing so.  If you’re familiar with all words, then
choose a word and use it in a sentence.

Word Choice/Part of Speech; Sentence w/context clues:  





DIRECTIONS:  CHOOSING A PARTNER
Now, choose a partner and compare with your partner.  Looking at your choices
for ORDER OF IMPORTANCE to LEAST IMPORTANT, did you have similar
choices?  If so, which ones?  What do you think this says if yours are similar?  
(You may answer orally.)  

What word did your partner use?  Share your answers with each other (as well
as the sentences you created).
************************************************************************************
IN YOUR OWN WORDS, and before we begin to discuss the poem, what do you
think the poet is trying to say?  “The poet is trying to say…” (Please answer in a
complete sentence---meaning you must have a subject and a verb.)  






III.  Once you have written a complete sentence in the box above, please come
up front to the board and write down your thought to share with the class.  

VOLUNTEERS NEEDED PLEASE!        

****************************************************************************************************

QUESTIONS FOR COMPREHENSION and KNOWLEDGE:  Please type in your
answers.

1.  What does the speaker of the poem do while traveling into the woods?


2.  How does the speaker say that he feels because he cannot take both roads?
3.  What are the differences between the two roads?


4.  Where is the author standing while making his choice?


5.  Knowing he has to make a choice, what choice does the speaker choose?

6.  Looking at the last 3 lines of the poem, do you think the speaker feels that he
made the right decision?  Support your answer.


7. If you were in the speaker’s position, which road would you choose?  WHY?  
(In other words, why do you think one road is more used than the other?)  


8. Do you think that he had to make a difficult decision?  Are your decisions
sometimes difficult?  Explain.


9.  What do you think “roads” are a good symbol of in life (or other)?  


10.  Frost says he will probably never go back to the other road…Thinking
about “why,” YOU think he says this, what advice MIGHT the speaker give about
looking back?  


BEYOND THE BLACK AND WHITE INK:  Can you think of anyone who history
who has taken the road “less traveled”?  If so, who?  Support your answer. (Use
the box below.)  Think about if there ever was a time that you chose to take, in
life, the road LESS TRAVELED.











a.  Many people in America consider this their favorite poem.  Why do you think
so?

b.  A “moral” is something that you can learn from a story, poem, or experience  
Does this poem have a   moral?  If so, what do you think that it is?  

c.  Did you like the poem?  Why or why not?  (You won’t hurt MY feelings.)    

YOU MAY CLICK ON THE LINKS below for information on Robert Frost and to
hear Robert Frost read his own poem (when he was alive).       
http://www.ketzle.com/frost/frostbio.htm  or www.poets.org/page.php/prmID/361

GRAMMAR EXERCISE:  THE SENTENCE AND ITS PARTS
Sentence:  A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought.  
It is a “whole idea” and not just part of one.  Also, it must contain a subject and a
verb.  It even doesn’t have to be “long in length” to be considered a “sentence.”

Part I:  Finding Subject and Verbs:  Find each subject and verb.  Underline the
subject with one line and the verb with two.

1.  The submarine dove swiftly.

2.  Here is the wastebasket.

3.  OMIT

4.  You must leave your bicycle in front.

5.  I saw the fire.

Part II:  For the following write (S) Sentences, (F) Fragments, or (R) Run-on
Sentences.  Then, punctuate each sentence correctly.
            

1.  The actors argued, the director sighed  

2.  Produces movies for television

3.  The chef broke the eggs into the pan

4.  Jane and all of her friends              

5.  Tim yawned

6.  Driving the car

7.  Elton John sang

8.  Pictures of the concert in the paper

9. The operator on duty

10. In the pool at the Boys’ Club



What is the function of a verb?

A complete sentence must have _____________ and ______________.

What do you call an incomplete sentence?

What do you call two sentences that are joined but NOT correctly punctuated?

How can you separate two complete sentences?