1. alliteration – repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words.
2. Allusion- indirect reference to a person, place, event, or literary work.
3. Analysis- he practice of looking closely at small parts to see how they affect the whole.
4. Apostrophe- indicates either possession (e.g., Harry's book ; boys' coats ) or the omission of
letters or numbers.        
5. aside- a short speech in drama directed to the audience, or another character, but it is not
heard by the other characters (especially on stage).
6. assonance –the repetition of vowel sounds within non-rhyming words.
7. Characterization-the way an author develops a character’s personality.         
8. Claim-the writer’s position on an issue or a problem.
9. Connotation-an attitude or a feeling associated with a word
10.  Consonance-the repetition of consonant sounds within and at the end of words.
11.  Denotation-the literal or dictionary meaning.
12.  dramatic irony-the reader or viewer knows about something the character does not
13.  figurative speech-language that communicates beyond the literal meaning
14.  foreshadow- hints or clues to suggest events will occur later in the story.
15.  Hyperbole—the truth is exaggerated for emphasis or humorous effect.                 
16.  Imagery-consists of descriptive words and phrases that recreate sensory experiences;
appeals to one or more of the senses to help the reader imagine exactly what is being described
17.  Literal- taking words in their usual or most basic meaning without a figurative sense.
18.  Metaphor-figure of speech that makes a comparison between two unlike things         
19.  mood-the feeling or atmosphere a writer creates for the reader.
20.  motif –or leitmotif, a recurrent idea, object, concept, character archetype, the weather, a
color, or even a statement. that develops and explains the theme.
21.  onomatopoeia- words whose sounds echo their meaning used to intensify images.        
22.  Oxymoron- two opposite  or contradictory terms  
23.  Parallelism-similar grammatical constructions to express related or equally important ideas.
24.  Paraphrase-restating information in one’s own words
25.  Parts of Speech (P.O.S.)- a category that a word is assigned in accordance with its
syntactic functions.
26.  Personification-figure of speech that gives human qualities to an object, animal, or idea.
27.  Plot-the sequence of events in a story; focuses on a central conflict faced by the
characters and typically develops in five stages: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action,
28.  Point of View (POV)-the method of narration used in a short story, novel, narrative poem,
or work of nonfiction. First-person, third person omniscient or limited,
29.  Pun- a joke that comes from a play on words using the word’s multiple meanings or sound.
30.  Restate-to state in a different manner to correct or to make more clear or convincing.
31.  Refrain-one or more lines repeated in each stanza of a poem
32.  Rhetorical-techniques writers use to enhance their arguments
33.  Simile (plural 'similes')-figure of speech that compares two unlike things using like or as
34.  Symbolism-the representation of a person, place, object, or activity that stands for
something beyond itself  
35. Synthesis-individual pieces of information and combine them with other pieces of
information and with prior knowledge or experience to gain a better understanding of a subject
or to create a new product or idea.
36. Theme-a central idea or underlying message about life or human nature that the writer
wants the reader to understand
37.  Thesis-an expression of the claim that the writer or speaker is trying to support. In an
essay, an expression of one or two sentences, of the main idea or purpose of the piece of
38.  Tone-the attitude the writer takes toward a subject.
Literary Terms and
Concepts to Own