The aims of argument have much in common. Fore example, besides sharing argument, they all tend
to draw on sources of knowledge (research) and to deal with controversial issues. But the aims also
differ from one another, mainly in terms of purpose, audience, situation, and method, as summarized
here.
  Purpose
Audience
Situation
Method
Inquiry
Seeks truth
Onseself, friends,
and colleagues
Informal; a dialogue
Questions
Convincing
Seeks assent to
a thesis
Less intimate;
wants careful
reasoning
More formal; a
monologue
Case-making
Persuading
Seeks action
More broadly
public, less
academic
Pressing need for
a decision
Appeals to
reason and
emotions
Mediating
Seeks
consensus
Polarized by
differences
Need to
cooperate,
preserve relations
"Give-and-take"
The
Argument